FPGA Revolution 2.0: Pioneering a Quantum Leap into Future Tech

Niranjana R

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Q1) Can you explain the benefits of using FPGAs over other types of processors?

The generic processors include APU and RPU which helps to deal with a limited clock frequency. But when it comes to FPGA it’s a combination of both Processing system (PS) and programming logic(PL) which gives an upper hand on dealing with parallel processes with even higher clocks. In this way designer has the flexibility to use either PS or PL depending on the application. This gives him an upper hand over the PS alone.

Q2) What are the most significant trends observed in the FPGA industry over the past year? How will these trends shape the industry’s future?

Major trends in FPGA in the past year include the integration of AI and ML techniques to build a robust neural network with a limited number of resources and integration with the existing RFSoC to translate and work in the frequency domain. They shall prove to be critical in signal processing and beamforming. 

Q3) Key drivers behind the increasing adoption of FPGAs in various applications and industries?

5NR applications are one of the best examples where FPGAs are employed, where ultra-low latency and bandwidth are the prime areas of concern. Just as another example chandrayan3 has an FPGA inside to deal with high-speed links.

Q4) Sectors that stand to benefit the most from FPGA integration, and why?

Defense, RF communication, supercomputers, commercial electronics, Telecommunications etc because FPGA provides reconfigurability which ASIC lacks, and also time to market is much less when compared to the latter.

Q5) The role of FPGAs in accelerating AI applications and advancements expected in the near future.

FPGAs prove to be critical in terms of training the neural networks to build a complex learning model. Xilinx’s latest release Versal devices are already in the market to provide hardware accelerators and advancements are not confined to a single domain. Equalization techniques and adaptive filters are some examples in the signal-processing domain.

Q6) Ensuring the security and integrity of FPGA designs, especially in sensitive applications like finance and defense.

64bit AES encryption IP provides the security and integrity of the FPGA designs and it is merely impossible to decode the data. It merely appears to be junk until we have access to the key. This is entirely dependent on the application as mentioned only in defence.

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